Geography

Geography

Uganda is located in East Africa across the equator. Its land area is77,108 sq miles (199,710 sq kms). Its total area is 91,135 sq miles (236, 040sq kms). Nearly one-fifth ofthe total area, or 44,000 sq kms, is open water or swampland. Uganda borders the Democratic Republic of Congo in the West,the Republic of the Sudan in the North, the Republic of Kenya in the East, theUnited Republic of Tanzania, the Republic of Rwanda and the Lake Victoria, formpart of the Southern border. Uganda is a landlockedcountry, with plains, hills, mountains, fertile soils that are well-wateredwith many lakes and rivers.

Uganda is strategically located at the heart ofAfrica, a region that includes some of Africa’s most economically important andresource rich countries with a substantial market and immense futurepotential.

Climate

Uganda's equatorialclimate provides sufficient sunshine, moderated by the relatively high altitudeof most areas of the country. Mean annual temperatures range from 16° C in the south-westernhighlands; to 25° C in the northwest; but in the northeast, temperatures exceed30° C for 254 days per year. Daytime temperatures average about eight to tendegrees warmer than night time temperatures in the Lake Victoria region, andtemperatures are generally about fourteen degrees lower in the southwest.

Except in the north-easterncorner of the country, rainfall is well distributed. The southern region hastwo rainy seasons, usually beginning in early April and again in October. Littlerain falls in June and December. In the north, occasional rains occur betweenApril and October, while the period from November to March is often very dry.Mean annual rainfall near Lake Victoria often exceeds 2,100 millimetres, andthe mountainous regions of the southwest receive more than 1,500 millimetres ofrainfall yearly. The lowest mean annual rainfall in the northeast measuresabout 500 millimetres.